The Rajasthan Academy of Physical Sciences (RAOPS) was established in 2002 as a body to function mainly in the field of education. It is a registered body.

RAOPS is a non profit scientific organization for promoting the cause of advanced study and research in the areas of Physical Sciences like Mathematics, Physics, Statistics etc.To achieve this, the Academy is publishing a quarterly International Research Journal, namely, Journal of Rajasthan Academy of Physical Sciences, since March 2002. This Journal publishes research articles of good standard after getting a positive report from learned referees.

RAOPS has technically sponsored the “First, Second and Third National Conference on Computational and Mathematical Sciences : COMPUTATIA” held at Vivekanand Institute of Technology, Jaipur, India on 28th to 29th January, 2012, 30th November to 2nd December, 2012 and 25th to 26th November 2013. The Academy has also technically sponsored the "National Conference on Mathematical Techniques in Engineering Applications (META)" held at Vivekanand Global University, Jaipur, India on 4th to 5th April, 2014.

The Academy has published the Proceedings of 23rd Conference of IAGRG held at University of Rajasthan, Jaipur during 7-10 December 2004 and COMPUTATIA-2012 held at Vivekanand Institute of Technology, Jaipur, India during 28-29 January, 2012.

The Academy wishes to develop a link between teachers and researchers in the field of physical sciences spread all over the world. It also intends to honour eminent scientists in different areas who have worked for the development of Physical Sciences in general. The Academy aims to organize conferences, seminars, lecture series etc. to have physical interaction between the active researchers and also with eminent scholars in the field of Physical Sciences.